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Stuart Daw

Energy and Transportation Science Division, ORNL

Biography

Dr. C. Stuart Daw is a Fellow of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers and has been employed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) for 35 years, where he currently serves as a UT-Battelle Corporate Fellow. He is also an Adjunct Professor in both Mechanical and Chemical Engineering at the University of Tennessee. Dr. Daw is experienced in a wide range of energy research and development areas. His major current interests include chemical reaction engineering, combustion, emissions controls, and thermochemical biomass conversion. He is an author or coauthor of over two hundred scientific research and technical publications and has served in advisory roles on numerous technical panels and subcommittees for ORNL, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), the National Science Foundation, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, and the Combustion Institute. For the past 10 years Dr. Daw has coordinated the Crosscut Lean Exhaust Emissions Reduction Simulation (CLEERS) activity for DOE’s Office of Vehicle Technologies, which involves a broad-ranging collaboration among national labs, universities, and industry to accelerate the development of fuel efficient emissions controls for transportation. He also recently initiated a similar collaborative project in computational biomass conversion among national labs for DOE’s Bioenergy Technologies Office.


Publications

John S. Halow, Kerri Holsopple, Benjamin Crawshaw, C. Stuart Daw, and Charles E.A. Finney, “Observed Mixing Behavior of Single Particles in a Bubbling Fluidized Bed of Higher-Density Particles,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 2012, 51 (44), pp 14566–14576.

Charles E.A., Finney, Miroslav K. Stoyanov, Sreekanth Pannala, Robert M. Wagner, K. Dean Edwards, Clayton G. Webster, and Johney B. Green, Jr., “Application of High Performance Computing (HPC) for simulating the unstable dynamics of dilute spark-ignited combustion,” Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Theory and Applications of Nonlinear Dynamics, Seattle, Washington, August 26-30, 2012.

Zhiming Gao, C. Stuart Daw, Robert M. Wagner, K. Dean Edwards, and David E. Smith, “Simulating the Impact of Premixed Charge Compression Ignition on Light-Duty Diesel Fuel Economy and Emissions of Particulates and NOx,” Proc IMechE Part D: J Automobile Engineering 227(1), 2012, pp 31-51.

Zhiming Gao, Miyoung Kim, Jae-Soon Choi, C. Stuart Daw, James E. Parks II, and David E. Smith, “Cold-Start Emissions Control in Hybrid Vehicles Equipped with a Passive Hydrocarbon and NOx Adsorber,” Proc IMechE Part D: J Automobile Engineering 226(10), 2012, pp 1396-1407.

Zhiming Gao, C. Stuart Daw, and Robert M. Wagner, “Simulating Premixed Charge Compression Ignition on Light-Duty Diesel Fuel Economy and Emissions Control,” Proceedings of the Spring Technical Meeting of the Central States Section of the Combustion Institute, Dayton, Ohio, April 22-24, 2012.

Randy Vander Wal, Andrea Strzelec, Todd J. Toops, and C. Stuart Daw, “Forensics of Soot: Nanostructure as a Diagnostic of In-Cylinder Chemistry,” Proceedings of the Spring Technical Meeting of the Central States Section of the Combustion Institute, Dayton, Ohio, April 22-24, 2012.

James P. Szybist, Kalyana Chakravarthy, and C. Stuart Daw, “An Analysis of the Impact of Selected Fuel Thermochemical Properties on Internal Combustion Engine Efficiency,” Energy and Fuels, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 2798-2810 (2012).

Jae-Soon Choi, William P. Partridge, Jr., Josh A. Pihl, Miyoung Kim, Petr Koci, and C. Stuart Daw, “Spatiotemporal distribution of NOx storage and impact on NH3 and N2O selectivities during lean/rich cycling of a Ba-based lean NOx trap catalyst,” Catalysis Today, vol. 184, no. 1, pp. 20-26 (2012).

Zhiming Gao, C. Stuart Daw, and V. Kalyana Chakravarthy, “Simulation of Catalytic Oxidation and Selective Catalytic NOx Reduction in Lean-Exhaust Hybrid Vehicles,” SAE Technical Paper 2012-01-1304.

Richard S. Larson, Kalyana Chakravarthy, Josh A. Pihl, and C. Stuart Daw, “Microkinetic modeling of lean NOx trap chemistry,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 189-190, pp. 134-147 (2012).

Richard Larson, Kalyana Chakravarthy, Josh A. Pihl, and C. Stuart Daw, “Microkinetic Modeling of Lean NOx Trap Storage and Regeneration,” Sandia Technical Report, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw and Todd J. Toops, “Non-Petroleum-Based Fuels: Effects on Emissions Controls Technologies,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies: Fuel and Lubricant Technologies, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw, Josh A. Pihl, James P. Szybist, and Bruce G. Bunting, “Stretch Efficiency – Exploiting New Combustion Regimes,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies: Advanced Combustion Engine R&D, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw, Jae-Soon Choi, Josh A. Pihl, William P. Partridge, Jr., Kalyana Chakravarthy, and Miyoung Kim, “Cross-Cut Lean Exhaust Emissions Reduction Simulations (CLEERS): Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies: Advanced Combustion Engine R&D, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw, Vitaly Prikhodko, and Charles E.A. Finney, “Cross-Cut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation (CLEERS): Administrative Support,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies: Advanced Combustion Engine R&D, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw and Zhiming Gao, “Advanced PHEV Engine Systems and Emissions Control Modeling and Analysis,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies: Vehicle Simulation and Modeling, December 2011.

C. Stuart Daw, “2011 CLEERS Industry Priorities Survey Final Report: Analysis, Summary, and Recommendations,” Special Report to the DOE Advanced Engine Crosscut Team, November 18, 2011.

Zhiming Gao, Robert M. Wagner, C. Scott Sluder, C. Stuart Daw, and Johney B. Green, Jr., “Using a Phenomenological Computer Model to Investigate Advanced Combustion Trajectories in a CIDI Engine,” Fuel, 90(5), pp 1907-1918, May 2011.

Zhiming Gao, Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, and C. Stuart Daw, “Simulated comparisons of emissions and fuel efficiency of diesel and gasoline hybrid electric vehicles,” Proc IMechE Part D: J Automobile Engineering, 225(7), 2011, pp 944-959.

Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, C. Stuart Daw, Josh A. Pihl, “A thermodynamic analysis of alternative approaches to chemical looping combustion,” Energy and Fuels, 25, pp 656-669, 2011.

C. Stuart Daw and Charles E.A. Finney, “Dynamic instabilities in spark-ignited combustion engines with high exhaust gas recirculation,” International Conference on Applications in Nonlinear Dynamics (ICAND 2010), AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 1339, pp 158-171, April 2011.

Andrea Strzelec, Todd J. Toops, and C. Stuart Daw, “Impact of Biodiesel on the Oxidation Kinetics and Morphology of Diesel Particulate,” Proceedings of the 7th US National Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute. Atlanta, Georgia, March 2011.

Zhiming Gao, C. Stuart Daw, Robert M. Wagner, C. Scott Sluder, and Johney B. Green, Jr. “Analysis of Combustion Trajectories of Advanced Combustion Modes in a CIDI Engine with a Two-Zone Phenomenological Model,” Proceedings of the 7th US National Technical Meeting of the Combustion Institute, Atlanta, Georgia, March 2011.

C. Stuart Daw, Josh A. Pihl, Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, James C. Conklin, and Ron L. Graves, “2010 Annual Report: Stretch Efficiency – Exploiting New Combustion Regimes,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies, December 2010.

C. Stuart Daw, Todd J. Toops, and Andrea Strzelec, “Non-Petroleum-Based Fuel Effects on Emissions Controls Technologies,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies, December 2010.

C. Stuart Daw, Jae-Soon Choi, Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, William P. Partridge, Todd. J. Toops, and Charles E.A. Finney, “Cross-Cut Lean Exhaust Emissions Reduction Simulations (CLEERS): Joint Development of Benchmark Kinetics,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies, December 2010.

C. Stuart Daw, Charles E.A. Finney, and Vitaly Prikhodko, “Cross-Cut Lean Exhaust Emission Reduction Simulation (CLEERS): Administrative Support,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies, December 2010.

C. Stuart Daw, Zhiming Gao, Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, and James C. Conklin, “Development of Models for Advanced Engines and Emission Control Components,” Annual report to the DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies, December 2010.

Zhiming Gao, Veerathu K. Chakravarthy, C. Stuart Daw, and James C. Conklin, “Lean NOx Trap Modeling in Vehicle Systems Simulations,” SAE International Journal of Fuels and Lubricants, 2010, 3(1), pp 468-485.

Andrea Strzelec, Todd J. Toops, C. Stuart Daw, David E. Foster, and Christopher J. Rutland, “Diesel Particulate Oxidation Model: Combined Effects of Volatiles and Fixed Carbon Combustion,” SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-2127.

Emily Patterson, John S. Halow, and C. Stuart Daw, “Innovative Method Using Magnetic Particle Tracking to Measure Solids Circulation in a Spouted Bed,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2010, 49, 5037– 5043.

C. Stuart Daw, Ron L. Graves, Jerold A. Caton, and Robert M. Wagner, “Summary Report on the Transportation Combustion Engine Efficiency Colloquium Held at USCAR, March 3 and 4, 2010,” ORNL/TM-2010/265.

C. Stuart Daw, C.E.A. Finney, Gavin Wiggins, and Ye Hao, “System Modeling of ORNL’s 20 MW(t) Wood-fired Gasifying Boiler,” Proceedings of the American Flame Research Committee 2010 Pacific Rim Combustion


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